3. TRENDS IN INCOME LEVEL
Income level is another area where clear trends can be shown:
Here we see very clear decreasing trends in the percentage of spending on food and health care with income level and a spectacular increase in the percentage of spending with income level for pensions and insurance while the proportion of income used for entertainment was fairly steady across all income groups.
The data for Transport and Education is a little more complex although it is still easily described. Transport spending increased until mid-income levels although it then witnessed a substantial decline while the proportion of spending rose across all income levels for education, with the exception of the two lowest income levels, where the percentage of spending was the highest of all income levels.
This question is quite complex because it is real data and had not been simplified for a test question but even though it is complicated, it is not too difficult if you keep in mind the question: “What are the most important aspects the data is telling me?”
In summary, an overview statement for this question might look like this:
“Overall, the percentage of spending on food and health care decreased with income level while the proportion of spending on pensions and insurance saw a spectacular increase and the proportion of income used for entertainment was fairly steady across all income groups. In addition, transport spending increased until mid-income levels although it then witnessed a substantial decline while the proportion of spending generally rose across all income levels for education.”
Notice that this is a little simplified compared to the comment above but the detail of the higher spending on education in the lower income groups can be dealt with in the details part of the essay.
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