IELTS TASK 1 WRITING: TWO GRAPH TASKS

Here is another 2 data set question based on real data.

The first data set is a line graph showing how satisfied people are with life as they age.

life satisfaction01

The second data set is a bar chart showing happiness and GDP per person (this is not the income of each person but the overall wealth of the country averaged across the entire population)

life satisfaction04

THE BIG PICTURE
LINE GRAPH
The trends for men and women are quite similar except that teenage males are more satisfied than females although from the age of 20 onwards, the trends are almost identical with satisfaction falling steadily until mid-life and then rising substantially as people get older.

BAR GRAPH
The bar chart data is very interesting because even though a list of countries like this may not be expected to show a trend that can easily be described, the data allows us to identify wealthy and poor countries (the GDP figures) – in an IELTS exam candidates are not expected to know this. Once the rich and poor countries have been identified, I can also identify a general trend and that is that people tend to be happier in poor countries and less happy in rich ones. (Note that this is actually a real and quite general trend and it is seen in many more countries than listed here).

I have to say that this is a GENERAL TREND because it is not completely true. For example, Australia has a lower GDP than the USA but its people are not much happier and India has a much lower GDP than Mexico but its people are slightly LESS happy. Nevertheless, as can be seen from the heights of the bars in the bar chart shown here, it is generally true that as the GDP increases, people are less happy. Remember, this is the BIG PICTURE and I do not have to worry about very minor variations.

THE BIG PICTURE
Here is one way to write the big picture statement:

“Overall, while people become less satisfied until middle age, satisfaction then rises substantially as they age and with the exception of teenagers, the trend is almost the same for men and women. The data also shows that people tend to be happier in poorer countries and less happy as the wealth of the country increases.”

Anyone located in Bangkok, Thailand who requires help with IELTS preparation, call Jum on the hotline at 09 3962 2496, send her a message on Line using her Line ID: jummanie or contact her via email: warapron@ielts-english.info

(Data source: British Household Panel Survey (line graph) as quoted in http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4787558.stm
and IPSOS Nov 2011 survey/IMF (bar chart))

IELTS TASK 1 WRITING: TWO GRAPH TASKS

We have mentioned two graph questions briefly before but today we will look at writing the “big picture” for one of these tasks.

This is an example from the “COMPLETE IELTS” series published by Cambridge University Press.

A table of data gives this information:

Internet use in Australia – 2008
Banking ………. 62%
Phone calls ……22%
Blogs ……..……10%
Good/services….57%
Bills ……………..63%

The bar graph shown here also shows the percentage of Internet use in Australia by age group.
twocharts01

The approach to this type of question is to check first how the data connects in the two data sets. Here there is no direct comparison that we can make because the data is different: the table shows Internet use and the bar chart shows who uses it.

1 TABLE
MAGNITUDES
Big differences in magnitudes are shown in the tale and that is how we will group this data.

The biggest areas of use shown in the table are:
Bills
Banking
Goods/Services

So we could sum this up by calling it “financial activities” because the three items all refer to some activity related to money.

2 BAR CHART
TRENDS and MAGNITUDE
The first thing we notice is that there are no years on the data so we cannot find a trend in years BUT the bar chart does have AGE GROUPS and can see that while Internet use is very high across all age groups, with the exception of the oldest group, a slight downward trend is indicated for people over 20-29.

Note that this trend is so slight, with the exception of the oldest group, that it would be perfectly acceptable to simply say:

“Internet use was very high across all age groups, except for the oldest group.”

THE INTRODUCTION
In the past few weeks, we have concentrated on the big picture, but in this example I will begin with the introduction because it shows how to deal with these two data set questions. The introduction simply has to say what is shown in the first data set and then what is shown in the second. Here is one way to it:

“The table gives information about Internet us in Australia while the bar chart indicates the percentages of people who use the internet by age group.”

THE BIG PICTURE
One way to write the big picture view might be:

“Overall, the Internet was used most for financial activities and while Internet use is very high with all age groups, it was less popular with older people.”

Anyone located in Bangkok, Thailand who requires help with IELTS preparation, call Jum on the hotline at 09 3962 2496, send her a message on Line using her Line ID: jummanie or contact her via email: warapron@ielts-english.info