Part 1: The Introduction
Here is a real IELTS Task 1 Academic IELTS Test question taken from Cambridge IELTS 3 Test 4.
Writing Task 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan between March 1993and March 1999.
Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
You should write at least 150 words.
Spend some time having a look at it and decide how you would do it.
One important point that you should follow when doing writing practice is to use the proper paper to write on and allow yourself only the time you would get in the exam to write the essay. In this case you must write 150 words and you have 20 minutes to do it.
The official paper to write your answer on is here: Solution paper - task 1 writing
Remember, the structure of a Task 1 is:
A description of what the graph is about BUT you cannot use the language in the question because the examiner won't count the words if you do.
What is the graph about?
It is about the percentage of people who were unemployed in the USA and Japan over a period of 6 years from 1993 to 1999.
In fact, it compares the unemployment figures in the two countries, so we could write as an introduction:
We can shorten this a little (I always write too much - your target is 170 words ) to:
"The chart compares the percentages of people who were unemployed in the USA and Japan from 1993 to 1999."There is a free bonus here, look what we managed to do without really trying, the clause:
"who were unemployed"
is a a relative clause structure with "who", it is a complex sentence and that will get Band 6 minimum and Band 7 or higher depending how often the grammar is correct. So what have we achieved? We have written an introduction in our own words so the examiner will count ALL the words in the essay word count, AND we have created a complex sentence with a relative clause that, in the VERY FIRST sentence, will have the examiner thinking 'minimum band 6'.
We really should do a few exercises on this before moving on to the next part.